Date: 7th November 2014; 13th Muharram 1436
This is the second Jummah on the month of Muharram. Last Friday, we have talked about the some prominent happenings on the day of Ashura. We have learned that Ashura not only focuses on the Karbala but it is also the destined time of the Day of Judgment. This Khutbah will talk about the popular belief regarding the Karbala and why Shias actually get hysterical and go into cutting themselves. As Sunnis we should not observe this day like this but we rather should fast. So why was Imam Hussain (rah.) was sacrificed on this day?
Hasan Ibn Ali (rah.) was born in third Hijri during Ramadan and his brother Hussain Ibn Ali (rah.) was born right after ten months to Ali (rah.) and Fatimah (raha.).
“On the seventh day of his birth, the Messenger of Allah (saw.) slaughtered a sheep for hirn the same as He did to his brother al-Hasan. He also let him swallow His saliva; called the Azan (prayer call) in his ear, spit his saliva in his mouth, supplicated for hirn, named him al-Hussain.”
Reference: AI-Hasan and al-Hussein: The two grandsons of the Messenger of Allah by Mohammad Redha
This implies that the Prophet Muhammad (saw.) wanted to save his legacy within Hasan and Hussain (rahm.) and his is a forgotten Sunnah among us and there is no harm in practicing this.
Both of them, Hassan and Hussain (rahm.) were the sole descendents to our Prophet Muhammad (saw.) as all his sons died during infancy. Imam Hussain (rah.) died in preserving the rights and justice of the Muslims and he is also declared to be one of the people of Jannah by the Prophet Muhammad (saw.).
We all should know that ten Sahabis were declared to be residents in Jannah during their lifetime.
Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd (rah.): Abdur Rahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (rah.). So Sa’id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (saw.) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (saw.) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa’d ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. Then he again asked: Who is he? He replied: He is Sa’id ibn Zayd.
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood. Graded Sahih
Although this Hadith mentions ten Sahabis to have attained Jannah in this Dunya but when we accumulate all the Hadiths, we will find that a total of nineteen Sahabis have been declared to have gained Jannah in this world. The figure can also be high. Let me (Imam) give you an example. One Hadith mentions:
Narrated Abu Huraira (rah.): A Bedouin came to the Prophet (saw.) and said, “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it.” The Prophet (saw.) said, “Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan.” The Bedouin said, “By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this.” When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet (saw.) said, “Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man.”
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Hadith 480
This man was not included in the list of ten but he too shall achieve Jannah as the Prophet Muhammad (saw.) declared it. Likewise Imam Hassan and Hussain (rahm.) shall attain Jannah as the masters of the youths of Jannah.
Narrated by Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (rah.): “The Prophet (saw.) said: ”Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn are the masters of the youth of Paradise.”
References: Musnad Ahmad, Jami At-Tirmithi, Sunan Ibn Majah and Sunan An-Nasaa’i. Shaykh Al-Albaani (r.) classified it as Sahih [sound].
Fatimah (raha.) has been declared as the Leader of all females in Jannah. There is also Asiya, the wife of the Pharaoh who is among the people being promised Jannah during their lifetime.
One can achieve Jannah when he is alive. Hasan and Hussain (rah.) achieved Jannah when they were only five years of age. The reason behind why Allah (swt.) declared these people to be a part of Jannah while they were alive is because of the fact that Allah knew that they would never go astray.
The Prophet Muhammad (saw.) had four daughters: Zaynab (raha.), Ruqayyah (raha.), Umm Kulthoum (raha.) and Fatimah (raha.). Out of his four daughters, three of them died before Prophet Muhammad (saw.). Fatimah (raha.) was the one who gave birth to Hasan and Hussain (rahm.).
The Prophet Muhammad (saw.) loved both of them as he had no son alive. Hadith says:
Narrated by Usaamah Ibn Zayd (rah.) who said: “I knocked on the door of the Prophet for a need and he said: “These (Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn) are my sons and my daughter’s sons. O Allaah, I love them, so love them, and love whoever loves them.”
Reference: Jami At-Tirmidhi
The Prophet Muhammad (saw.) never prayed for a son who would live rather he would love Hasan and Hussain (rahm.) as his own son.
Narrated by Ya’la bin Murrah (rah.), The Messenger of Allah (saw.) said: “Husain is from me, and I am from Husain. Allah loves whosoever loves Husain. Husain is a Sibt among the Asbat.”[Sibt first means Grandson and Asbat here will refer to many tribes i.e. he will have many offspring].
Reference: in Jami’ Tirmidhi in Merits of Al-Hassan and Hussain, Hadith 4144. This Hadith has been declared Hasan (fair).
Another Hadith states that:
Hadhrat Umme Fadhl bint Haris (raha.),the paternal aunt of Prophet Muhammad (saw.) narrated that she went to the Holy Prophet (saw.) and said: O Prophet of Allah (saw.)! This night I saw a horrifying dream. The Holy Prophet (saw.) asked her: What dream did you see? She said: I saw as if a part of your body has been cut and placed in my lap. The Holy Prophet (saw.) said: You saw a good dream. If Allah wills, Fatimah will have a son and he will be placed in your lap.
It happened as the Prophet had said. Hadhrat Fatima (raha.) was blessed with Imam Hussain (rah.) and he was placed in my lap, as the Holy Prophet (saw.) had said.
Then one day, I went to the Holy Prophet (saw.) and placed Imam Hussain (saw.) before Him. What I saw! That the Holy Prophet’s (saw.) eyes were full of tears. Upon seeing this, I asked: O Prophet of Allah (saw.). May my mother and father be sacrificed for your sake, what is the reason of your crying? The Holy Prophet (saw.) said: Jibril came to me and said that very soon, some people from my Ummah will martyr this son of mine. I asked: O Prophet, will they martyr this prince? The Holy Prophet (saw.) said: Yes and Jibreel gave me the red sand of that place.
References: Bayhaqi Dalaail Un Nubuwwah, Hadith No: 2805; Mishkaat Ul Masabeeh, Vol. 2, Pg No. 572; Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 5, Pg No. 327/328
Similarly this Hadith mentions about the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (rah.):
Narrated Wakee’, narrated Abdullah bin Sa’eed, from his father from Aisha or Umm Salamah (raha.) [Wakee’ said this doubt came from Abdullah bin Sa’eed] that the Prophet (saw.) said to one of them [either Aisha or Umm Salamah], “An angel entered the house on me, he never entered on me before, and he said to me, ‘this son of yours, al-Hussain, will be killed, and if you wish I can show you the soil from the earth where he will be killed’. Then he took out some red soil”.
Reference: Musnad Al-Imam Ahmad, Vol. 6 p.294
‘Abdul Rahman and Iffan narrated to us from Hammad ibn Salamah from Ammar Ibn Abi Ammar from Ibn Abbas (rah.): ‘I saw the Prophet (saw.) in a dream, in the middle of the day and he was disheveled and covered with dust.’ He was holding a container full of blood!’ I said, ‘May my parents be sacrificed for you O Apostle of Allah (swt)! What is this?!’ He saw (saw.) replied, ‘This is the blood of Hussain (rah.) and his companions. I am still collecting the blood since the start of that day.’ Ammar (narrator) said: ‘We memorised that day (of the dream) and we found that indeed Hussain died on the day of Ashura (i.e. 10th of Muharram).’
Reference: Musnad Al Ahmad. Ibn Kathir (r.) declared the chain is strong.
Imam Hasan (rah.) and Imam Hussain (rah.) were the reflection of Prophet Muhammad (saw.).
Narrated by Ali Ibn Abi Talib (rah.): “Al-Hasan resembled Allah’s Messenger from the breast to the head, and Al-Hussein resembled the Prophet below that.”
Reference: Jami At-Tirmidhi
It is reported that once, Imam Hasan approached the Holy Prophet (saw.) and climbed on his shoulders. A person, (who was present) remarked, “O blessed son! What a nice steed you have”. In reply, the Holy Prophet declared, “And how nice a rider (too).”
References: Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Manaqib Abi Muhammad al-Hasan – Hadith no. 3809, Vol 5, Page 432
This Hadith too illustrates the love of Prophet Muhammad (saw.) for Hasan and Hussain (rahm.):
The Messenger of Allah (saw.) delivered a speech to us; meanwhile Al-Hassan and Al-Hussain came upon there stumbling, wearing red shirts. He (saw.) came down from the pulpit, took them and ascended it with them. He then said: Allah truly said: “Your property and your children are only trial”. I saw both of them, and I could not wait. Afterwards he resumed the speech.
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood
Hasan and Hussain (rahm.) used to ride on the Prophet Muhammad when he conducted the Jamaat but still he never got angry with them rather he would wait till they got off him. Hadith says:
Abdullah Ibn Shidad relates that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah (saw.) came to us either during the noon or afternoon prayers and he was carrying Hassan or Hussain. The Prophet (saw.) proceeded to the front and put him down and made the takbir for the salah. During the salah, he made a long sajdah. I raised my head and saw the child on the back of the Messenger of Allah (saw.) while he was in sajdah. I returned to my sajdah. When the Messenger of Allah (saw.) finished the salah, the people said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah (saw.), you prostrated during your salah so long that we suspected you were thinking about some matter or you were receiving some revelation.’ He said: ‘None of that happened, but my (grand)son was resting and I hated to rush him until he had finished what he desired.”‘
References: Musnad Ahmad, Sunan An-Nasa’i, and al-Hakim
“Our Prophet Muhammad (saw.) said, “Imam Husain and Sayyiduna Hasan are my two flowers of the world.” He also said, “Whoever loves them loves me and whoever hates them, hates me. Abu Hurairah (rah.) said that the Prophet (saw.) looked towards Sayyiduna Hasan, Imam Husain and Sayyiduna Fatima and said, “Whoever fights with you, I will fight with him and whoever loves you I will love him.””
Reference: Tareekh Ibn Kathir by Hafiz Ibn Kathir – Chapter on Karbala and Imam Husain. The Hadith has been graded Sahih.
One time the governor of Yemen sent cloaks for the winter for all Sahabi children. Imam Hasan and Hussain (rahm.) did not receive any cloak. When Umar (rah.) heard of this, he straight went to Yemen and demanded the most precious cloak of Yemen to be gifted to Hasan and Hussain (rahm.), a cloak which is better than the ones worn by any children.
This was the love the Sahabis used to have for Hasan and Hussain (rahm.). This is all for this week, next week the history of the Karbala in context of the Sunni Muslim will be discussed.
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