Prophet (saw.)’s Love for Hasan (rah.) and Hussain (rah.) – Sunni View

Date: 7th November 2014; 13th Muharram 1436

This is the second Jummah on the month of Muharram. Last Friday, we have talked about the some prominent happenings on the day of Ashura. We have learned that Ashura not only focuses on the Karbala but it is also the destined time of the Day of Judgment. This Khutbah will talk about the popular belief regarding the Karbala and why Shias actually get hysterical and go into cutting themselves. As Sunnis we should not observe this day like this but we rather should fast.

So why was Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) sacrificed on this day?

Hasan Ibn Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) was born in third Hijri during Ramadan and his brother Hussain Ibn Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) was born right after ten months to Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Fatimah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha).

On the seventh day of his birth, the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) slaughtered a sheep for hirn the same as He did to his brother al-Hasan. He also let him swallow His saliva; called the Azan (prayer call) in his ear, spit his saliva in his mouth, supplicated for hirn, named him al-Hussain.

Reference: AI-Hasan and Al-Hussein: The two grandsons of the Messenger of Allah by Mohammad Redha

This implies that the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) wanted to save his legacy within Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) and his is a forgotten Sunnah among us and there is no harm in practicing this.

Both of them, Hassan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) were the sole descendents to our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as all his sons died during infancy. Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) died in preserving the rights and justice of the Muslims and he is also declared to be one of the people of Jannah by the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

We all should know that ten Sahabis were declared to be residents in Jannah during their lifetime. Hadith says:

Narrated Sa’id Ibn Zayd (Radi Allahu Anhu): Abdur Rahman Ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu). So Sa’id Ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr Ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa’d Ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. Then he again asked: Who is he? He replied: He is Sa’id Ibn Zayd.

Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood. Graded Sahih

Although this Hadith mentions ten Sahabis to have attained Jannah in this Dunya but when we accumulate all the Hadiths, we will find that a total of nineteen Sahabis have been declared to have gained Jannah in this world. The figure can also be high. Let me (Imam) give you an example. One Hadith mentions:

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu): A Bedouin came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and said, “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it.” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan.” The Bedouin said, “By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this.” When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man.”

Reference: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Hadith 480

This man was not included in the list of ten but he too shall achieve Jannah as the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) declared it. Likewise Imam Hassan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) shall attain Jannah as the masters of the youths of Jannah.

Hadith says:

Narrated by Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (Radi Allahu Anhu): “The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ”Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn are the masters of the youth of Paradise.”

References: Musnad of Ahmad, Jami At-Tirmithi, Sunan Ibn Majah and Sunan An-Nasa’i. Shaykh Al-Albaani (Rahmatullah Allaih) classified it as Sahih.

Fatimah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha) has been declared as the Leader of all females in Jannah. There is also Asiya, the wife of the Pharaoh who is among the people being promised Jannah during their lifetime.

One can achieve Jannah when he is alive. Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) achieved Jannah when they were only five years of age. The reason behind why Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala) declared these people to be a part of Jannah while they were alive is because of the fact that Allah knew that they would never go astray.

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had four daughters: Zaynab (Radi Allahu ‘Anha), Ruqayyah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha), Umm Kulthoum (Radi Allahu ‘Anha) and Fatimah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha). Out of his four daughters, three of them died before Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Fatimah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha) was the one who gave birth to Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum).

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) loved both of them as he had no son alive. Hadith says:

Narrated by Usaamah Ibn Zayd (Radi Allahu Anhu) who said: “I knocked on the door of the Prophet for a need and he said: “These (Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn) are my sons and my daughter’s sons. O Allah, I love them, so love them, and love whoever loves them.”

Reference: Jami At-Tirmidhi

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) never prayed for a son who would live rather he would love Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) as his own son.

It is mentioned in one Hadith:

Narrated by Ya’la Ibn Murrah (Radi Allahu Anhu), The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Husain is from me, and I am from Husain. Allah loves whosoever loves Husain. Husain is a Sibt among the Asbat.”[Sibt first means Grandson and Asbat here will refer to many tribes i.e. he will have many offspring].

Reference: Jami At-Tirmidhi in Merits of Al-Hassan and Hussain, Hadith 4144. This Hadith has been declared Hasan (fair).

Another Hadith states that:

Hadhrat Umme Fadhl Ibnt Haris (Radi Allahu ‘Anha),the paternal aunt of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) narrated that she went to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and said: O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)!  This night I saw a horrifying dream.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) asked her: What dream did you see?  She said: I saw as if a part of your body has been cut and placed in my lap. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: You saw a good dream.  If Allah wills, Fatimah will have a son and he will be placed in your lap.

It happened as the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had said. Fatima (Radi Allahu ‘Anha) was blessed with Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) and he was placed in my lap, as the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had said.

Then one day, I went to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and placed Imam Hussain (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) before Him.  What I saw! That the Holy Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) eyes were full of tears.  Upon seeing this, I asked: O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). May my mother and father be sacrificed for your sake, what is the reason of your crying?  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Jibril came to me and said that very soon, some people from my Ummah will martyr this son of mine.  I asked: O Prophet, will they martyr this prince?  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Yes and Jibril gave me the red sand of that place. 

References: Sunan Bayhaqi- Dalaail Un Nubuwwah, Hadith No: 2805; Mishkaat Ul Masabeeh, Vol. 2, Pg No. 572; Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 5, Pg No. 327/328

Similarly this Hadith mentions about the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu):

Narrated Wakee, who narrated from Abdullah Ibn Sa’eed- who narrated from his father, who narrated from Aishah or Umm Salamah (Radi Allahu ‘Anha) [Wakee’ said this doubt came from Abdullah Ibn Sa’eed] that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to one of them [either Aisha or Umm Salamah], “An angel entered the house on me, he never entered on me before, and he said to me, ‘This son of yours, al-Hussain, will be killed, and if you wish I can show you the soil from the earth where he will be killed’. Then he took out some red soil”.

Reference: Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Allaih), Volume 6, p. 294

Abdul Rahman and Iffan narrated to us from Hammad Ibn Salamah from Amar Ibn Abi Amar from Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu): ‘I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in a dream, in the middle of the day and he was disheveled and covered with dust.’ He was holding a container full of blood!’ I said, ‘May my parents be sacrificed for you O Apostle of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)! What is this?!’ He saw (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied, ‘This is the blood of Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) and his companions. I am still collecting the blood since the start of that day.’ Ammar (narrator) said: ‘We memorised that day (of the dream) and we found that indeed Hussain died on the day of Ashura (i.e. 10th of Muharram).’

Reference: Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Allaih). Ibn Kathir (Rahmatullah Allaih) declared the chain being strong.

Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhu) were the reflection of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

Hadith says:

Narrated by Ali Ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu Anhu): “Al-Hasan resembled Allah’s Messenger from the breast to the head, and Al-Hussein resembled the Prophet below that.”

Reference: Jami At-Tirmidhi

It is reported that once, Imam Hasan approached the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and climbed on his shoulders. A person, (who was present) remarked, “O blessed son! What a nice steed you have”. In reply, the Holy Prophet declared, “And how nice a rider (too).”

References: Jami At-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Manaqib Abi Muhammad al-Hasan, Hadith 3809, Volume 5, Page 432

This Hadith too illustrates the love of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) for Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum):

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) delivered a speech to us; meanwhile Al-Hasan and Al-Hussain came upon there stumbling, wearing red shirts. He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) came down from the pulpit, took them and ascended it with them. He then said: Allah truly said: “Your property and your children are only trial”. I saw both of them, and I could not wait. Afterwards he resumed the speech.

Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood

Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) used to ride on the Prophet Muhammad when he conducted the Jamaat but still he never got angry with them rather he would wait till they got off him. Hadith says:

‘Abdullah Ibn Shidad relates that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) came to us either during the noon or afternoon prayers and he was carrying Hassan or Hussain. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) proceeded to the front and put him down and made the takbir for the salah. During the salah, he made a long sajdah. I raised my head and saw the child on the back of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) while he was in sajdah. I returned to my sajdah. When the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) finished the salah, the people said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), you prostrated during your salah so long that we suspected you were thinking about some matter or you were receiving some revelation.’ He said: ‘None of that happened, but my (grand)son was resting and I hated to rush him until he had finished what he desired.”‘

References: Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Allaih), Sunan An-Nasa’i, and Al-Hakim

Our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Imam Husain and Sayyiduna Hasan are my two flowers of the world.” He also said, “Whoever loves them loves me and whoever hates them, hates me. Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) said that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) looked towards Sayyiduna Hasan, Imam Husain and Sayyiduna Fatima and said, “Whoever fights with you, I will fight with him and whoever loves you I will love him.”

Reference: Tareekh Ibn Kathir by Imam Ibn Kathir (Rahmatullah Allaih) – Chapter on Karbala and Imam Husain. The Hadith has been graded Sahih.

One time the governor of Yemen sent cloaks for the winter for all Sahabi children. Imam Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum) did not receive any cloak. When Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) heard of this, he straight went to Yemen and demanded the most precious cloak of Yemen to be gifted to Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum), a cloak which is better than the ones worn by any children.

This was the love the Sahabis used to have for Hasan and Hussain (Radi Allahu ‘Anhum). This is all for this week, next week the history of the Karbala in context of the Sunni Muslim will be discussed.

Note: I was not able to attend the Khutbah of the coming week at the same Masjid.

 

Please support us by purchasing our Weekly Khutbah series. (Links are given below)
May Allah reward us for our dedication towards Islam, Ameen. Let’s all be a part of a well-refined Muslim Ummah!

Weekly Khutbah, Volume 1: https://www.amazon.com/Weekly-Khutbah-2013-2014/dp/1532939736

Weekly Khutbah Volume 2: https://www.amazon.com/Weekly-Khutbah-2014-2015/dp/1537173383

the-weekly-khutbah-promo

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Prophet (saw.)’s Love for Hasan (rah.) and Hussain (rah.) – Sunni View

  1. Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd (rah.): Abdur Rahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (rah.). So Sa’id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (saw.) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (saw.) will go to Paradise, Abu Bakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa’d ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. Then he again asked: Who is he? He replied: He is Sa’id ibn Zayd.

    Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood. Graded Sahih

    Can you kindly tell me the reference of this hadeeth ?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much for commenting, I appreciate your curiosity and may Allah grant you with more knowledge, Ameen.
      This Hadith is from Sunan Abu Dawood, Book Number 40: ‘Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)’, Hadith Number 4632 and the Hadith has been graded Sahih.
      If you have any other queries, please don’t hesitate to ask. Jazzak Allahu Khairan. 🙂

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s