The First Quality of A Muttaqin

Date: 19th December 2014; 25th Safar 1436

Allah has sent us as Khalifahs (Agents) to this Dunya so that this world be a better place. He has made us the best of all makhluqs, that is why we are titled “Ashraful Makhluqat”, the best of all creation.

If this man, goes by the orders of Allah, he will have a status even higher than the Angels. This is proven by the fact when the Angels were asked to bow down in front of Adam (Alayhi As-Salām). However, once this man is running after sins and ruining others and himself then this man will become the most heinous of all creation. In Surah Al-A’raf Allah has mentioned:

Whomsoever Allah guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends astray, those! They are the losers.

And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.

Surah Al-A’raf, Ayahs 178-179 (7:178-179) Translation: Muhsin Khan

The main theme of the verse 178 is that guidance and misguidance both are from Allah. He is the creator of good and evil, guidance and misguidance. The guided are those whom Allah has given guidance and losers are those whom Allah lets go astray. This theme has been mentioned repeatedly by the Quran in many other verses to make the mankind know that Allah has created good and evil and has provided with clear instructions to distinguish one from the other, and with a kind of free will to choose one of the two paths. Those who willfully choose the right path and do good deeds get their reward from Allah while those who willfully take to the other path and do evil deeds are punished and sent to Hell.

In the next ayah, it is said, many Jinns and human beings have been created for Hell, because in spite of having all the means of guidance, the heart, the eyes and the ears, they do not use them to seek guidance. They could find the right path, had they used these faculties in proper way. They do not use their hearts to understand, their eyes to see things to be seen and their ears to hear things to be heard. As a substance of the verse we are given to understand that ultimate end or destiny is a divine secret, not known to anyone, but there are definite signs which help us to make a surmise. The people of Hell can be identified by their characteristic sign of not making proper use of their faculties of seeing, hearing and understanding.

Reference: Ma’ariful Quran by  Mufti Muhammad Shafi. Tafseer of Surah Al-A’raf, Ayahs 178-179 (7:178-179). Volume 4. pp. 96-98.

Allah did not create us to be dragged to the Hell-fire, He created us so that we be guided to Jannah. If He wanted us to go to Hell then He would have never revealed the Quran. The Quran is a guidance to the believer and Allah would not mind if all of us go to Heaven, He is ready to send us all to Jannah unless we deny it and the ones who deny are indeed the most heinous and they are so degraded that Allah has said they are even worse than a cattle who is incapable of understanding the Deen. Even cattles and other creatures are more obedient than the disbelievers.

The last person to enter Jannah will have ten times than the possession of this Dunya, that person with the most minimum of Imaan is getting so much then imagine what the religious people will get. This is the mercy of the Most Merciful. Allah will never make us go to Hell unless we choose that path. We should all remind ourselves of Akhirah and rush to do good deeds.

In one Hadith it is mentioned:

On the authority of Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) say: Allah the Almighty said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it.

References: Jami At-Tirmidhi, Musnad of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (Rahmatullah Allaih). Its chain of authorities is sound.

If humans had never sinned then the Merciful nature of Allah would have never been revealed to the makhluqats of Allah. One Hadith says:

Anas ibn Malik (Rahmatullah Allaih) reported: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “All of the children of Adam are sinners, and the best of sinners are those who repent.”

Reference: Sunan Ibn Majah 4251 Grade: Sahih according to As-Suyuti.

In the Quran, Allah says how glorious are the Muttaqin, the ones who are sincerely engaged in the Deen.

Not equal are the companions of the Fire and the companions of Paradise. The companions of Paradise – they are the attainers [of success].

Surah Al-Hashr, Ayah 20 (59:20) Translation: Sahih International

So who are the Muttaqin? A Muttaqin is based on three qualities.

The first quality of a Muttaqin is that he has achieved a high level of Taqwa. The person who has achieved the highest level of Taqwa has earned himself as one of the most valuable status in the eyes of Allah.

Allah has not focused into the wealth or a status of man when judging a man, He will only look into how much Taqwa a soul attains- thereby how much good he has done.

Those who give their wealth in the path of Allah are indeed the successful. There is no permission of any Ishraf (wasteful expenditure) in Islam. The poor do possess a rightful portion from our wealth and we must be active in giving charity.

At the time of the Tabuk war, The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) addressed the believers and encouraged them to respond to the call to jihad. He also reminded them of the importance of spending their money for the cause of God. He encouraged the rich to spend generously as the emergency the Muslim state was facing necessitated pooling all resources.

The best response came from those companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) who had always shown themselves to be in the forefront to meet any emergency donating silver, money and property.

The Sahabahs were the best of the Muslims, they donated in the cause of Allah, even after the fact that they were extremely poor. One Hadith states:

Narrated by Hakim bin Hizam (Radi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.”

Reference: Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 24, Number 508

Usually we see people donating money when they are sick or when they think they going to die. This is something we should remember, if we remember Allah at the time when we are well-off Allah will save us from peril when we need help. Charity also saves us from future trouble. Hadith says:

Mu’adh ibn Jabal (Radi Allahu Anhu) related from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)  “Sadaqah extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire.”

References:  Musnad of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (Rahmatullah Allaih), Jami At-Tirmidhi and Sunan Ibn Majah

The most important thing while donating with Ikhlas because a sincere donation with no Riya will tend t get multiplied. The Quran says:

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 261 (2:261) Translation: Sahih International

Shaitan deceives us when we intend to give Sadaqah with fears of poverty.

Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 268 (2:268) Translation: Sahih International

A person is threatened to turn into a Bakhir if he ignores Sadaqah. A Bakhir is a person who is far away from Allah, far away from people as well but is the closest to hell.

The Quran tells of one such man at the time of Musa (Alayhi As-Salām).

Indeed, Qarun was from the people of Moses, but he tyrannized them. And We gave him of treasures whose keys would burden a band of strong men; thereupon his people said to him, “Do not exult. Indeed, Allah does not like the exultant.

But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.”

He said, “I was only given it because of knowledge I have.” Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him of generations those who were greater than him in power and greater in accumulation [of wealth]? But the criminals, about their sins, will not be asked.

So he came out before his people in his adornment. Those who desired the worldly life said, “Oh, would that we had like what was given to Qarun. Indeed, he is one of great fortune.”

But those who had been given knowledge said, “Woe to you! The reward of Allah is better for he who believes and does righteousness. And none are granted it except the patient.”

And We caused the earth to swallow him and his home. And there was for him no company to aid him other than Allah , nor was he of those who [could] defend themselves.

Surah Al-Qasas, Ayahs 76-81 (28:76-81) Translation: Sahih International

Qaran was one of Musa (Alayhi As-Salām)’s people. He was very rich and lived in a magnificent mansion. He wore only the most expensive clothes. Numerous slaves waited on him and he indulged in every known luxury. His enormous wealth made him arrogant. Qaran treated the poor with contempt and told them that their poverty was due to their lack of intelligence. He believed that what he owned was due to his own cleverness and business ability.

Musa (Alayhi As-Salām) reminded Qaran to pay alms (zakat) on his wealth, a portion of which was rightfully due to the poor. Alms are compulsory upon all the believers. Qaran was annoyed by this advice and told Moses that his being wealthy was proof that he was favored by Allah, Who approved of his life-style and increased his wealth daily. Musa (Alayhi As-Salām) argued with him and warned him of the result of his wicked thoughts.

When Qaran did calculate the alms due on his wealth, he was shocked at the large amount he had to part with. He not only refused to give alms, but spread a rumor that Musa (Alayhi As-Salām) had invented the law of zakat for his own gain. He even bribed the people to oppose Musa (Alayhi As-Salām) and to spread wicked rumors about him. Allah warned Musa (Alayhi As-Salām) of Qaran’s plot. Moses appealed to Allah to punish him for his stinginess and for defying His laws. Allah’s anger fell on Qaran. The earth opened up and swallowed him, his mansion and all his wealth, as if he had never existed.

Reference: “Stories of the Prophet” by Imam Ibn Kathir (Rahmatullah Allaih).

Allah destroyed Qaran due to his immense love for wealth. The more we run after wealth, the more our Imaan decreases and the more tend to lose our interest in Salah. One Hadith states:

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Every day two Angel descend and one of them says, Oh Allah! Compensate (more) to the person who gives (in charity) while the other one says, Oh Allah! Destroy  the one who withholds (charity)”

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari

Narrated by Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Allah will give shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. (These seven persons are) a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah sincerely from childhood), a man whose heart is attached to the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque in congregation), two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity), and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.”

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari

When we buy something, we tend to buy the best quality and we are always ready to give an extra amount for the better quality. But when we tend to give Saqadah we tend to count. The counting shows our weakness in Imaan and Taqwa. May Allah grant us goodness in our hearts and the next two quality of a Muttaqin will be covered in the coming Khutbahs.

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May Allah reward us for our dedication towards Islam, Ameen. Let’s all be a part of a well-refined Muslim Ummah!

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