The Sacrifices of the Sahabahs

Date: 13th February 2015; 23rd Rabī’ al-Thānī 1436

The Sahabas or the Sahabis, as we all know were the loyal followers of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) who earned their knowledge directly from him. It is for their dedication and perseverance that Islam spread throughout this world. They followed Islam to the fullest. Their tales of courage, glory, suffering and victory has been lauded by classical scholars throughout history and this khutbah shall be dedicated towards the noble sacrifices of three incredible Sahabas. All of us need to take lessons from their sacrifices as they will clearly inspire us to be better Muslims with better Iman and Taqwa.

First let us start with the story of Musab Ibn Umair (Radi Allahu Anhu).

Mus‘ab bin ‘Umair was a very handsome young man with a pair of natural Blue eyes. He was the son of ‘Umair who was a wealthy person. He brought up his son in quite a luxurious fashion. He was the flower of the Quraish, the most handsome and youthful! Historians and narrators describe him as “The most charming of the Makkans”.

When Makkah slept and awoke there was no other talk but the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his religion, and this spoiled boy was one of the most attentive listeners. That was because, although he was young, the flower of clubs and assemblies,the outward appearance of wisdom and common sense were among the traits of Musab.

He heard that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and those who believed in him were meeting far away from the dignitaries and great men of the Quraish at As-safaa in the house of Al-Arqam ibn Al-Arqam dar Al-Arqam. He wasted no time. He went one night to the Dar Al Arqam, yearning and anxious. There, the Prophet(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was meeting his Companions, reciting the Qur’an to them and praying with them to Allah the Most Exalted. Musab had hardly taken his seat and contemplated the verses of Qur’an recited by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) when his heart became the promised heart that night.

Mus`ab’s mother was Khunnas Bint Maalik, and people feared her almost to the point of terror because she possessed a strong personality. When Musab became a Muslim, he was neither careful before nor afraid of anyone on the face of the earth except his mother. Even if Makkah, with all its idols,nobles, and deserts were to challenge him, he would stand up to it. As for a dispute with his mother, this was an impossible horror, so he thought quickly and decided to keep his Islam secret until Allah willed. He continued to frequent Dar Al-Arqam and take lessons from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). He was satisfied with his faith and avoided the anger of his mother, who had no knowledge of his embracing Islam.

However, Makkah at that time kept no secret, for the eyes and ears of the Quraish were everywhere,very alert and checking every footprint in its hot sands.

Once, `Uthmaan Ibn Taihah saw him steadily entering alarm’s house,then he saw him a second time praying the prayer like Muhammad. No sooner had he seen him than he ran quickly with the news to Mus`ab’s mother, who was astonished by it. Mus`ab stood before his mother, the people, and the nobles of Makkah who assembled around him,telling them the irrefutable truth and reciting the Quran with which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) cleansed their hearts and filled them with honor, wisdom, justice, and piety. His mother aimed a heavy blow at him, but the hand which was meant as an arrow soon succumbed to the powerful light which increased the radiance of his face with innocent glory because it demanded respect with its quiet confidence. However,his mother, under the pressure of her motherliness, spared him the beating and the pain, although it was within her power to avenge her gods whom he had abandoned. Instead she took him to a rough corner of her house and shut him in it. She put shackles on him and imprisoned him there until he heard the news of the emigration(hijab) of some of the believers to Abyssinia. He thought to himself and was able to delude his mother and his guards, and so escaped to Abyssinia.

He was the first envoy of Islam, bravely shouting the messages of Islam to the people all around. At the battle of Uhud, Musab was martyred. Ibn Sa`d said: Ibrahim lbn Muhammad lbn Sharhabiil Al-‘Abdriy related from his father, who said: Mus`ab lbn`Umair carried the standard on the Day of Uhud. When the Muslims were scattered, he stood fast until Hemet lbn Qumah who was a knight. He struck him on his right hand and cut it off, but Musab said, “and Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him ” (3:144). He carried the standard with his left hand and leaned on it. He struck his left hand and cut it off, and so he leaned on the standard and held it with his upper arms to his chest, all the whiles aying, “And Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him”. Then a third one struck him with his spear, and the spear went through him. Musab fell and then the standard.

Nay, the cream of martyrdom had fallen! He fell after he had struggled for the sake of Allah in the great battle of sacrifice and faith. He had thought that if he fell, he would be a stepping stone to the death of the Prophet(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) because he would be without defense and protection. But he put himself in harm’s way for the sake of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). overpowered by his fear for and love of him, he continued to say with every sword stroke that fell on him from the foe, “and Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him “(3:144). This verse was revealed later, after he had spoken it. After the bitter battle, they found the corpse of the upright martyr lying with his face in the dust, as if he feared to look while harm fellon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). So he hid his face so that he would avoid the scene.Or perhaps, he was shy when he fell as a martyr, before making sure of the safety of the Prophet of Allah, and before serving to the very end, guarding and protecting him.

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his Companions came to inspect the scene of the battle and bid farewell to its martyrs. Pausing at Mus`ab’s body, tears dripped from the Prophet’s eyes. Khabbab ibn Al-Arat narrated: We emigrated with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) for Allah’s cause, so our reward became due with Allah.Some of us passed away without enjoying anything in this life of his reward,and one of them was Mus`ab Ibn`Umair, who was martyred on the Day of Uhud. He did not leave behind anything except a sheet of shredded woolen cloth.If we covered his head with it, his feet were uncovered, and if we covered his feet with it, his head was uncovered. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to us,”Cover his head with it and put lemon grass over his feet.”

Reference: Men & Women Around The Messenger by Khaalid Muhammad Khaalid. pp. 19.

Hanzalah (Radi Allahu Anhu) was a very simple Muslim. He was so pure in heart that he was always worried over his Iman. One Hadith mentions:

Hanzala (Radi Allahu Anhu) reported: We were in the company of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he delivered to us a sermon and made a mention of Hell-Fire. Then I came to my house and began to laugh with my children and sport with my wife. (Hanzala) further reported: I went out and met Abu Bakr and made a mention of that to him. Thereupon he said: I have done the same as you have mentioned. So we went to see Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and said to him: Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), Hanzala has turned to he a hypocrite. And he (the Holy Prophet) said Show respite. And then I narrated to him the story, and Abu Bakr said: I have done the same as he has done. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Hanzala, there is a time for worldly affairs and a time for (worship and devotion), and if your state of mind is always the same as it is at the time of remembrance of Allah, the Angels would shake hands with you and would greet you on the path by saying: As-Salamu-Alaikum.

Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith 6624

Let us now relate to the martyrdom of Hanzala (Radi Allahu Anhu):

Hanzala, who was newly married, left his wife’s bed for Al-Jihâd. He set out the moment he heard of the call to Al-Jihâd. When he faced the idolaters on the battlefield, he made his way through their ranks till he reached their leader Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb and had almost killed him, if he had not been ordained to be a martyr. For at that moment he was seen by Shaddad bin Al-Aswad who struck him to death.

After the Battle of Uhud when the Sahabahs were searching for the dead bodies of their fellow mates who were martyred, they found the dead body of Hanzala.

Hanzala was killed, and the angels washed him, he got married and consummated his marriage. He ran out of the house without making Ghusl, when he heard the call for jihad.

The Sahabas missed the coffin of Hanzalah, they sought it and found that it was on a spot nearby with water dripping off it. The Messenger of Allâh (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) told his Companions that the angels were washing him and said: “Ask his wife”. They asked her and she confirmed that he had been in a state of ceremonial impurity. That was why Hanzalah was called ‘Ghaseel Al-Malâ’ikah’ (i.e. the one washed by the angels). [Za’d Al-Ma’ad 2/94]

Reference: The Sealed Nectar: The Battle of  Uhud by Saifur Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Finally let us relate to the tale of Sa’ad Al Aswad Al Sulumi (Radi Allahu Anhu):

At the time of the Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), a man came to the prophet named Sa’ad Al Aswad Al Sulumi and asked him,

“Oh, messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), will I also enter into Heaven (jannah)?”

The Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) responded, “Of course you will enter into Heaven if you are a believer.”

Sa’ad responded, “But me, I’m regarded as low amongst the believers.”

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Oh Sa’ad for you is the same reward as the rest of the believers,”

And Sa’ad asked, “then why would no one give me their daughter to marry.”

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) told him to go to Ibn Al Wahab, and he was one of the leaders of Medina who had just embraced Islam, and his daughter was known for her beauty. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) told Sa’ad go to Ibn Al Wahab and tell him that I have sent you to request his daughters hand in marriage.”

Sa’ad went to the home of Ibn Al Wahab looking for him. He was besides himself with excitement. He knocked on the door and said to Ibn Al Wahab,The Prophet has (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) sent me to request your daughters hand in marriage.

Ibn Al Wahab exclaimed, “You! To my daughter! Don’t you know my daughter! She’s known for her beauty,” and he told Sa’ad to go home. As Sa’ad began to walk away,

the daughter heard this, and said, “Oh father, wait. Wait! This is a request of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Where will we be if we turn down a request of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)? Where will we be if we turn away from the concerns of the messenger? I’ll tell you where we will be. We will be where we are!”

And she turned to Sa’ad and said, “Go to the Messenger of Allah, and tell him I am ready to marry you.” Sa’ad went to the prophet and he was elated!

The Prophet married them with a  dowry of 400 dirhams. Upon hearing that amount, Sa’ad exclaimed, “400 dirhams! Oh Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), I have never even seen 400 dirhams!

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) instructed him to go to Ali Al Nu’man ibn Awf and Uthman and tell them each to give you 200 dirhams each. They both gave him more than 200 dirhams.

On his way home to see his wife, he decides to stop by the marketplace to buy some gift for his beautiful wife. While at the market place, he hears the call to arms to prepare for battle. Sa’ad stood where he was and looked into the heavens. He said, “Oh Allah, I will buy something with this wealth that will please you. Oh Allah.” He bought a sword and a horse and he covered his face from the view of the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). He knew that if the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saw him he would send him home because he had just gotten married. The Sahabah were questioning, “Who is this man riding into battle with his face covered?” Ali replied, “He is coming to fight, leave him.” Sa’ad valiantly rode into battle, and eventually his horse was struck. He stood up, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saw his dark skin.

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) asked him, “Oh Sa’ad is that you?” Sa’ad said, “May my mother and my father be sacrificed for you oh Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). It is Sa’ad. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), said, “Oh Sa’ad there is no other abode for you but Jannah.” He heard this and jumped back into the battlefield. After a while, people called that Sa’ad was wounded.

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) ran into the battlefield. He ran to find Sa’ad. He took the head of Sa’ad and placed it in his lap. The tears of the prophet were flowing and falling onto the face of Sa’ad. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was crying profusely. After a while, he started to smile, then he looked away.

There was a Sahaba named Abu Lubaba, who said “Oh Rasulullah, I saw you do something, I’ve never seen you do before. First you cried, then you smiled, then you looked away.”

The Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “I cried because my beloved companion passed away. And I saw his sacrifice and his love for me. But when I saw his fate is by Allah, he had reached the hawd.” Abu Lubaba said, “What is the hawd?” He responded, “It is a fountain from which if a person drinks from, they will never be thirsty again. It is sweeter than honey and whiter than milk. And when I saw his status by Allah, I began to smile. Then I saw his wives in jannah running towards him with such eagerness that their shins were being exposed, so I looked away.”

References: The account referred above was reported by Ibn ‘Adiyy and Ibn Hibbaan in their books about ‘Al-Majrooheen’ (the deficient narrators of Hadith). It was cited in detail in the book Al-Mukhallisiyyaat, Account no. 3007. One of the reporters of this narration is Muhammad ibn ‘Umar whose Hadith is Matrook (abandoned). However, this story is fabricated as Al-Hakim has stated, and Ibn Hajar quoted him as saying that in his Al-Isaabah (A biographical encyclopedia about the Companions).

The Sahabas loved Allah and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) so dearly that they were prepared to sacrifice anything for their Deen. We also need to understand the fact that we can never lose our Imaan for the love of his Dunya, it is our responsibility to preserve our Nafs from the unending fitna of this world and ask for continuous guidance from Allah, only then can we call ourselves as a successful Muslim.

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