Beginning of the Day of Judgement

Date: 20th March 2015; 21th Jumada al-Ula 1436

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Allah diligently has mentioned in the Quran:

Everyone shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned.

Surah Al-Ankabut, Ayah 57 (29:57) Translation: Muhsin Khan

Clearly this world was never meant to be our permanent adobe. Our destination is to Him and to Him we must reckon all our deeds and sins and this later on will decide our success or failure in our afterlife.

The life in the Hereafter is in fact our real life, it will last for eternity and with infinite rewards and punishments. The Quran states:

He (Allah) will say: “What number of years did you stay on earth?”

They will say: “We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep account.”

Surah Al-Mu’minun, Ayahs 112-113 (23:112-113) Translation: Muhsin Khan

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: The value of this world compared to that of the Hereafter is like what your finger brings from the sea when you put it in and then take it out.

Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2848; Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Allaih)

So at the end of the day, our life should be based solely on achieving success in the Akhirah, not in this Dunya.

In this world, for all sorts of crimes we commit, we may get away with it. This makes man more tempted towards crimes. On the Day of Judgement, a man cannot run away after transgressing and shall be judged solely by the Almighty. The Quran states:

And the record [of deeds] will be placed [open], and you will see the criminals fearful of that within it, and they will say, “Oh, woe to us! What is this book that leaves nothing small or great except that it has enumerated it?” And they will find what they did present [before them]. And your Lord does injustice to no one.

Surah Al-Kahf, Ayah 49 (18:49) Translation: Sahih International

The world will come to an end upon Angel Israfel (Alayhi As-Salām) blows the trumpet to signal the end of this world with the death of humans and the world. Hadith mentions:

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “How can I enjoy myself when the one with the Trumpet has raised the Trumpet to his mouth, knitted his brow and is waiting to blow?” They said: “What should we say, Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)?” He said: “Say, Allah is enough for us and the best Guardian. We have put our trust in Allah.”

Reference: Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Allaih)

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was aware about our reality, he knew about the torment of the afterlife if we have died upon disbelief. Death can approach us at anytime and it is our task to die with Imaan in our heart.

After the trumpet has been blown for the first time it will bring the end of humans as well as the Angels. The trumpet will be blown twice and it  Allah mentions in the Quran:

And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah will. Then it will blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting).

Surah Az-Zumar, Ayah 68 (39:68) Translation: Muhsin Khan

In another Surah Allah mentions:

And (remember) the Day on which the Trumpet will be blown and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be terrified except him whom Allah will (exempt). And all shall come to Him humbled.

Surah An-Naml, Ayah 87 (27:87) Translation: Muhsin Khan

Most scholars believe that there will be two blows of the Trumpet. Hadith says:

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah (Radi Allahu Anhu), who said: The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Between the two blowings of the Trumpet there will be forty.” The people said, “O Abu Hurayrah! Forty days?” I said: “I am not sure.” They said, “Forty years?” I said: “I am not sure.” They said, “Forty months?” I said: “I am not sure. Then Allah will send rain down from the sky and they will grow as herbs grow. There is no part of a man which will not decay except a single bone at the base of the coccyx, from which he will be re-created on the Day of Resurrection.”

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim  

Some scholars believe that there will be three blows of the Trumpet.

  1. Nafhatul faza’ (terrifying sound)
  2. Nafhatun-sa’q (killing sound)
  3. Nafhatul qiyama (resurrection sound).

In except of four archangels, every Angels will die at first. Some interpreters also mention Hamala al- Arsh (Carriers of the Throne) or the angels of Ridwan, houris, Malik (the angel in charge of Hell) and Zabanis (angels of Hell) among the exceptions.

According to Anas ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Suddi, the ones that are excepted by the verse are Jibril (Alayhi As-Salām), Mikail (Alayhi As-Salām), Israfeel (Alayhi As-Salām) and Azrail (Alayhi As-Salām). After Al­lah takes the spirits of all creatures, only those angels are left. Then, He takes their lives and only Allah remains.

Reference: Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī

Angels also have spirits. Therefore, they will die like all of the living beings.

Azrail (Alayhi As-Salām) is in charge of taking the spirits of the living beings. After taking the spirits of all human beings and other living beings, he will take his own spirit by the order of Allah. When he takes his own spirit in the end, he produces such a sound that it exceeds the skies and goes to the earth.

After that Allah will bring Israfeel (Alayhi As-Salām) back to life, who had already blown the horn the first time, he will blow it a second time; forty years after the first one; making the dead people come out of their graves for the questioning (as-Su’al) and al-Hisab (Questioning).

The Day of Judgement is going to last for 50,000 years and the sun will be at a distance of a mile from the head. Hadiths states:

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “That day will be 50 000 years long, after which a person will be admitted into Paradise or cast into Hell.”

Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad (Radi Allahu Anhu), one of the Companions, said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying: “The sun will be a distance of a mile from the creation on the Day of Resurrection.  People will sink in their perspiration according to their deeds.  Some would sink in their perspiration till their ankles, while others would sink in it to their thighs and waists; yet others, would sink in it till their mouths!”‘

Reference: Sahih Muslim

This will be such a fearful day that even the righteous of Allah’s slaves will be worried.

Allah says in the Quran:

And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning).

Surah Al-Muminun, Ayah 60 (23:60) Translation: Muhsin Khan

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: On the Day of Judgement) Allah will grasp the earth and fold up the heavens with His Right Hand and proclaim, ‘I Am the King! Where are the kings of the earth Where are the tyrants Where are the arrogant’

Reference: Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The only one capable of speaking to Allah in his wrathful state will be the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and he will be the one who will make the dua so as to save his Ummah from the torment of the Hellfire. One Hadith perfectly states the love our Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had for all of us:

Narrated: Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al Aas (Radi Allahu Anhu): Verily the Apostle of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) recited the words of Allah, the Great and Glorious, that Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) uttered. My Lord! lo! they have led many of mankind astray:” But whoso followeth me, he verily is of me” and Isa (Alayhi As-Salām) said:” If thou punisheth them, lo! they are Thy slaves, and if Thou forgiveth them-verily Thou art the Mighty, the Wise”. Then he raised his hands and said: O Lord, my Ummah, my Ummah, and wept; so Allah the High and the Exalted said: O Jibril, go to Muhammad (though your Lord knows it fully well) and ask him: What makes thee weep? So Jibril (Alayhi As-Salām) came to him and asked him, and the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) informed him what he had said (though Allah knew it fully well). Upon this Allah said: O Jibril, go to Muhammad any say: Verily We will please thee with regard to your Ummah and would not displease thee.

Reference: Sahih Muslim

Instead of loving the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) we go into insulting him. At the end of the day, we should realize that if we are to choose the right path we need to live our life with the love of Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) via loving his Sunnahs.

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