Date: 1st May 2015; 11th Rajab 1436
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The month of Rajab has come and so all of us needs to prepare ourselves for Ramadan. The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to prepare for the month of Ramadan right from the month of Rajab. According to Hadith, there is only one recorded Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) which is a dua mentioned below:
Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would recite the following supplication when the Month of Rajab would commence:
“Allahumma baarik lana fi Rajaba wa Sha’bana wa balligh-na Ramadan”
Translation: Oh Allah! Grant us Barakah (Blessing) during (the months of) Rajab and Sha’ban, and allow us to reach Ramadan.
References: Shu’abul-Iman, Hadith: 3534, Ibnu Sunni, Hadith: 660, Mukhtasar Zawaid Bazzar, Hadith: 662, also see Al-Azhkar, Hadith: 549
Rajab is the month when the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) ascended the heavens to meet Allah. In our society, the Shab-e-Miraj is celebrated widely but this is in fact a bidah. There is no recorded Hadith which states us to do extra amls on the night of Mirage. In fact, the exact date regarding the month of Rajab is unclear and there is a lot of opinions about this issue among the Ulamas. So we should not celebrate Shab-e-Miraj by any means.
Now back to the main discussion of last week’s Khutbah. Last week the means of keeping the outer body (Zahiri cleansing), this week the means of keeping the soul clean (Batini cleansing) will be concisely discussed on the basis of five Sunnahs which are being forgotten by us. They are as follows:
- Using Miswak
- Treating the Neighbours Well
- Treating Slaves Well
- Treating Wives Well
- Praying Tahajud
- Using Miswak
Bringing back last week’s discussion, we notified the importance of using the the Miswak. Some other benefits have been mentioned below:
Narrated by Aisha (Radi Allahu Anha): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ‘The preference for prayer in which a ‘siwak’ (miswak) is used to prayer in which it is not used, is seventy times.
References: Jami At-Tirmidhi, Hadith 389
Narrated by Abu Umamah (Radi Allahu Anhu): Allah’s Messenger (saws) said: ‘Never did Jibril (Alayhi As-Salām) come to me without commanding me to use the ‘siwak’, with the result that I was afraid of chafing the front of my mouth.’
References: Jami At-Tirmidhi, Hadith 386
Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Miswak cleans the mouth, sharpens eyesight, strengthens the gums, whitens the teeth, prevents tooth decay, facilitates digestion, restores the stomach to health, brings an end to the phlegm, and multiplies good deeds. A person using a miswak pleases Allahu ta’ala and delights angels.”
Reference: Abu Nu’aym
The benefits of Miswak are so numerous in amount that the use of Miswak heightens the Imaan of a person. Not only Miswak clean the teeth but also it develops the spirituality of a person. Some may argue that using the brush can act as the same incentive as using the Miswak. Miswak is a Sunnah and using the brush won’t carry the same blessing like the way the Miswak does.
- Treating the Neighbours Well
Sad to say that this etiquette has become more like a dormant Sunnah among us. Nowadays, especially in the city areas, we don’t even know our neighbours. We live right next door to them but most likely we don’t even know their names. The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has focused upon this issue so heavily it can only be illustrated through Hadiths:
Ibn ‘Umar and ‘Aishah (Radi Allahu Anhum) reported: Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Jibril (Alayhi As-Salām) kept recommending treating neighbours with kindness until I thought he would assign a share of inheritance”.
References: Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was asked: “O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), such-and-such a woman spends her nights in prayer, fasts during the day, and so on, and she gives charity, but she offends her neighbours with her sharp tongue.” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ´Her good deeds will be of no avail: she is among the people of Hell.’ They said, ´And so and so prays only the obligatory prayers, gives charity in the form of left over curds, but does not offend anyone.’ The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ´She is among the people of Paradise.’
References: Sahih al-Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad
Knowing our Even if we don’t get the time to know our neighbours well, the least we can do is to spread Salam to our neighbours. Salam is so powerful that it fosters love and care between Muslims. Even if enmity exists within the Muslims, a smile and a salam can change that into friendship through the blessing and mercy of Allah. Hadiths say:
Imran bin Husain (Radi Allahu Anhu) reported: A man came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and said: “As-Salamu `Alaikum (may you be safe from evil). Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) responded to his greeting and the man sat down. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Ten (meaning the man had earned the merit of ten good acts).” Another one came and said: “As-Salamu `Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (may you be safe from evil, and Mercy of Allah be upon you).” Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) responded to his greeting and the man sat down. Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Twenty.” A third one came and said: “As-Salamu `Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu (may you be safe from evil, and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be upon you).” Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) responded to his greeting and the man sat down. Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Thirty.”
References: Sunan Abu Dawud and Jami At-Tirmidhi
The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Charity is prescribed for each descendant of Adam every day the sun rises.” He was then asked: “From what do we give charity every day?” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) answered: “The doors of goodness are many…enjoining good, forbidding evil, removing harm from the road, listening to the deaf, leading the blind, guiding one to the object of his need, hurrying with the strength of one’s legs to one in sorrow who is asking for help, and supporting the feeble with the strength of one’s arms–all of these are charity prescribed for you.” He also said: “Your smile for your brother is charity.”
Reference: Fiqh-us-Sunnah, Volume 3, Hadith Number 98
- Treating Slaves Well
Nowadays we do not have slavery but we do have maidservants and domestic workers under us. The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has strictly instructed us to treat them well enough like any other family member. Hadiths say:
Narrated Abu Dhar (Radi Allahu Anhu): “The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: Feed those of your slaves who please you from what you eat and clothe them with what you clothe yourselves, but sell those who do not please you and do not punish Allah’s creatures.
Reference: Sunan Abu Dawood, General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab, Book 41, Number 5142)
Narrated Al-Ma’rur (Radi Allahu Anhu): At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, “I abused a person by calling his mother with bad names.” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to me, ‘O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother with bad names You still have some characteristics of ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.’
Reference: Sahih Bukhari, Belief, Volume 1, Book 2, Hadith Number 29
- Treating Wives Well
It is really unfortunate to see that even as we reside in the modern age, maximum men do not possess the simplest sense of treating their wives fairly and sincerely. We do not have to beat the wives for us to treat them badly, hurtful words are enough to crush their feelings while we remain blind upon our actions.
Actually we are all under Shaitan’s whisper which influence us to act like barbarians. Shaitan considers sowing the seeds of discord between a husband and wife as one of his greatest achievements.
Narrated by Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (Radi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Iblis places his throne upon water; he then sends detachments (for creating dissension between people); the nearer to him in rank are those who are most notorious in creating dissension. One of them comes and says: “I did so and so.” And he says: “You have done nothing.” Then one amongst them comes and says: “I did not spare so and so until I sowed the seed of discord between a husband and a wife.” Satan goes near him and says: “You have done well.” He then embraces him”
Reference: Sahih Muslim
Let us consider how Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) treated his wives.
Narrated by Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Treat women kindly, they were created from a rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is the highest part thereof; so, if you tried to rectify the rib it will be broken and if you left the rib as it is, it will remain crooked, and women are just like this; therefore treat them kindly”.
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari
Umm Salamah (Radi Allahu Anha) narrated: She brought food in a dish of her own to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his companions. Seeing that, Aisha came holding a tool and broke the dish out of jealousy. Understanding the situation, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) took the two halves of the dish and said to his companions: Eat your food, it is just the jealousy of your mother, then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) took the dish of Aisha and gave it to Umm Salamah and gave the dish of Umm Salamah to Aisha.
Reference: Sunan An-Nasai. This Hadith has been graded Sahih by Imam Al-Albani (Rahmatullah Allaih).
The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) did not strike a servant or a woman, and he never struck anything with his hand.
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2328
- Praying Tahajjud
How many of us actually wake us at the middle of the night and pray this blissful Salah? Indeed it has become a forgotten Sunnah whereas this was the Sunnah of several Prophets who arrived before the very Last. Allah clearly instructed our Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to wake up and pray Tahajjud. In the Quran, it is mentioned:
O you who wraps himself [in clothing],
Arise [to pray] the night, except for a little –
Half of it – or subtract from it a little
Half of it – or subtract from it a little
Surah Al-Muzzammil, Ayahs 1-4 (73:1-4) Translation: Sahih International
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Jibril came to me and said: ‘O Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), live as long as you want, for you will die. Love whomever you want, for you will leave him. Do whatever you want for you will be requited for it. Remember that the believer’s honour is his praying at night, and his pride is his being independent of people.”
Reference Mustadrak of Imam Al-Hakim (Rahmatullah Allaih). Classed as Hasan by Imam al-Albani (Rahmatullah Allaih) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 73.
The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Whoever prays qiyaam reciting ten verses will not be recorded as one of the negligent. Whoever prays qiyaam reciting one hundred verses will be recorded as one of the devout. Whoever prays qiyaam reciting one thousand verses will be recorded as one of the muqantireen.”
References: Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith 1398. Classed as Sahih by Imam al-Albani (Rahmatullah Allaih) in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
We all know what saw in the news what has happened to Nepal because of the series of earthquakes. Non-Muslims and even some ignorant Muslims think that it is all because of natural cause but Allah is the main inducer of the earthquake. Without Allah’s permission, the earthquake was never to be possible. All these are fragments of punishment upon us for being disobedient to Him and also to remind us of the Great Earthquakes which will take place before the Day of Judgement. The Quran mentions:
When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake
And the earth discharges its burdens
And man says, “What is with it?” –
That Day, it will report its news
Because your Lord has commanded it.
Surah Az-Zalzalah, Ayahs 1-5 (99:1-5) Translation: Sahih International
The earthquakes of today are just reminder to mankind upon the tremor which is to be felt on that Day. This ayah perfectly demonstrates the severity of the tremor which will be faced on that Day.
On the Day you see it every nursing mother will be distracted from that [child] she was nursing, and every pregnant woman will abort her pregnancy, and you will see the people [appearing] intoxicated while they are not intoxicated; but the punishment of Allah is severe.
Surah Al-Hajj, Ayah 2 (22:2) Translation: Sahih International
All forms of natural calamities come to us to make us aware of Allah’s Power. A minute and a half duration of earthquakes was enough to destroy a country. Allah says in the Quran:
And We have already sent [messengers] to nations before you, [O Muhammad]; then We seized them with poverty and hardship that perhaps they might humble themselves [to Us].
Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing.
Surah Al-An’am, Ayahs 42-43 (6:42-43) Translation: Sahih International
Allah, Himself has explained the reason for our blindness of ignoring our Creator which it being our- “hardness in the heart”. One ayah perfectly demonstrates the hardness of our hearts:
Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or even harder. For indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out, and there are some of them that fall down for fear of Allah . And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 74 (2:74) Translation: Sahih International
The only thing we can do to avoid natural and unnatural calamities is by doing “Tawbah” to Allah. Allah is the Most Merciful and if we repent sincerely, He will remove the calamity from our paths. Allah did such for the people of Yunus (Alayhi As-Salām).
The Quran says:
Then has there not been a [single] city that believed so its faith benefited it except the people of Jonah? When they believed, We removed from them the punishment of disgrace in worldly life and gave them enjoyment for a time.
Surah Yunus, Ayah 98 (10:98) Translation: Sahih International
In Bangladesh too we had earthquakes with magnitudes of over seven, it is yet again another great blessing from Allah. If Allah hadn’t protected us, today our nation would have been turned into dust and Allah does not require any effort in teaching mankind lessons of humility. Let us all take lessons from the experience of Nepal. Rather than panicking and creating chaos let us try to make ourselves better Muslims so that we don’t ashamed upon meeting our Creator.
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