As the House of Kaaba Was Built

This is the continuation of last week’s Khutbah. Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was the one to reenact the House of Kaaba. The first prophet to build the Kaaba was Adam (Alayhi As-Salām). After the Kaaba got destroyed by the great flood during the time of Nuh (Alayhi As-Salām), it was Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) who was chosen to rebuild the first Masjid that ever existed in this world. Such honor Allah gave to Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) and he devoted himself into rebuilding the Kaaba with the help of his son, Ismail (Alayhi As-Salām). Allah was impressed with their effort, which is why He mentions in the Quran:

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and (his son) Isma’il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah), (saying), “Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 127 (2:127) Translation: Muhsin Khan

After the Kaaba was built, Allah sent Jibril (Alayhi As-Salām) to inform Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) to announce the practice of performing Hajj. It is mentioned in the Quran:

And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass –

That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor.

Then let them end their untidiness and fulfill their vows and perform Tawaf around the ancient House.”

Surah Al-Hajj, Ayahs 27-29 (22:27-29) Translation: Sahih International

According to the Tafsir of this ayah:

The third command given to Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was to, “Announce among people about the obligation of Hajj.” Ibn Abi Hatim has related from Ibn ‘Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu) that when Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was commanded by Allah to make this proclamation, he submitted that the place where he stood was an uninhabited desolate plane with nobody to hear the proclamation whereas he lacked the means to convey it to the populated areas. Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala) then told him that he was required only to make the proclamation and the responsibility for conveying it to the four corners of the world rested with Himself, that is Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala). Thereupon Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) stood at Maqam Ibrahim and made the proclamation and Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala) magnified his voice so that it was heard all round the earth. It is also related that he made the proclamation from the top of the mount Abu Qubais. He put his fingers in his ears, turned his face in four directions and called out “O people! Allah has established His House and made it obligatory upon you to make pilgrimage to it. So obey the command of your Lord.”

It is also mentioned in this narration that Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala) so decreed that the announcement was heard miraculously all over the world, not only by the people living then , but also by all those yet to be born up to the Day of Resurrection. And all those who are destined to perform the pilgrimage responded to the call with the words “Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik”. Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu) says that the Talbiyah during the pilgrimage has its origin in this response to the call of Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām). (Qurtubi, Mazhari)

Reference: Mariful Quran, Volume 6, Tafseer of Surah Al-Hajj, Ayahs 26-29, pp. 261-262.

Allah could have given us all the history and details regarding how Kaaba was built. However, to us it was irrelevant to know, that is why He did not disclose these facts in the Quran. All that we know is that Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was the one to rebuild the Holy House and his son, Ismail (Alayhi As-Salām) was there to help him.

Allah has disclosed a lot of duas of Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) in the Quran so as to educate the Muslim Ummah about the dedication of this great Prophet. After building the Kaaba, Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) recited:

“Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 127 (2:127) Translation: Sahih International

One of the Sunnah of the Prophets is to seek acceptance from Allah after completing a good deed. It may be that we were not able to complete the good deed according to Allah’s will or we may have made a mistake, so to prevent all these from dampening or demising our good deed, we need to beg acceptance from Allah. After doing that we need to thank Allah for giving us the opportunity to add an aml to our name.

Another teaching we get from is ayah is the humility of Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām). He is considered to be the friend of Allah, the second most beloved creation after Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) but when we observe his character we will find he possessed barely any arrogance in his arrogance. That is how a Muslim should be, he or she must remain humble even after accomplishing something good. Arrogance is said to be a poison for the heart and it has the power to drain the good we have done in our life time and even can cost us Jannah.

Another famous dua of Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was:

My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication.

Surah Ibrahim, Ayah 40 (14:40) Translation: Sahih International

So here, Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) is asking Allah to make him a Muslim. This may confuse few Muslims. How can Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām), best of the worshippers of Allah during his time ask the Creator to be loyal servant of Allah? Given the fact that this man is considered to be the “friend of Allah”. The reason why Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) asked Allah to make him a Muslim is to ask Allah to make him a Muslim for a lifetime and allow him to continue in serving The Almighty.

Every servant of Allah has this inherent risk of losing his/her Imaan due to the spread of fitnahs and the whispers of Shaitan. We tend to get overwhelmed in dire situations and our Imaan is not always at its peak so as Muslims we need to constantly pray to Allah so that we get to live and die as proper Muslims. Even during the moment Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) was dying he made that one last dua to Allah to take him as a Muslim and make him one among the righteous. Imagine these peoples’ level of Imaan!

That is why we are asked in the Quran to enter Islam completely:

O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 208 (2:208) Translation: Sahih International

Businessmen, these days tend to deceive people just receive an extra amount for this Dunya. Whatever we receive in this world is limited to this Dunya only. Don’t devastate your Akhirah just to scoop in the advantage of a Haram temporary pleasure. Same goes for interest-devourers, land seizers etc. All these are not part of Islam.

Another beautiful dua includes:

My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication.

Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day (of Judgement) the account is established.”

Surah Ibrahim, Ayahs 40-41 (14:40) Translation: Sahih International

Few things need to be noticed in these two ayahs. Firstly, the Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) expressed his love and compassion for his family, his people and his descendants which also includes us. When we perform Salah, it is not only we who should be submissive towards the Lord rather it also includes our family members. One of the earliest ayah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was this:

And enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you, and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.

Surah Ta-ha, Ayah 132 (20:132) Translation: Sahih International

Secondly, we must notice that while doing dua need to take into account our predecessor and our descendants because we are indebted towards our forefathers and also accountable for our offspring so making dua on their behalf is our duty.

When the Kaaba was built, Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) made yet another dua for us:

“Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage – Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.

Surah Al-Baqarah, (2:128) Translation: Muhsin Khan

Why would a person like Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) ask forgiveness from Allah? Isn’t he considered to be ‘the friend of Allah’? Before answering this question, let us look at the dua very carefully. Clearly he is asking forgiveness on our behalf and wants the Muslim Ummah to expand. He wants us to fulfill our Hajj and Umrah properly so that we can die as true Muslims and finally he is making a repentance. Without the effort of Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) and Ismail (Alayhi As-Salām), the entire Ummah would have never received the blessing of doing such a bountiful Ibadah such as Hajj and Umrah. No other Ummah before Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) got to lead the pilgrimage like the way we are doing every year. Considering the enormity of our honor we should be eternally thankful towards our Lord and His Prophets.

The other thing which should be noticed is the act of repentance. After completing a good deed one must not think highly of himself and act conceited. Rather he should do two things:

  • Ask for forgiveness for any shortcomings of the deed
  • Thank Allah for giving us the opportunity to do good

All of us are not perfect so while doing something good, we may falter. But that does not mean our deeds get cancelled. If we ask for forgiveness, surely Allah will cover up our faults since He is The Most Merciful. Forgiveness can be asked in the simplest manner by uttering “Astagfirullah” 3 times that is enough to suffice the repentance.

When we thank Allah, He expands our blessings. So if we thank Him for allowing us to do something good surely He will give us more opportunities in the future. The more opportunities we get, the more amount of amal we get to write our name on which will come in handy when we will be handed over our Book of Deeds on the Day of Judgement.

The Talbiyah we chant during every Hajj is in fact the response we give from the call of Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām). It has been discussed below:

The third command given to Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was “Announce among people about the obligation of Hajj – 22:27). Ibn Abi Hatim related from Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu) that when Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) was commanded by Allah to make this proclamation, he submitted that the place where he stood was an uninhabited desolate plane with nobody to hear the proclamation whereas he lacked the means to convey it to the populated areas. Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala) then told him that he was required only to make the proclamation and the responsibility for conveying it to the four corners of the world rested with Himself, that is Allah (Subḥānahu Wa Ta’Ala). Thereupon Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām) stood at Maqam Ibrahim (Station of Ibrahim) and made the proclamation and Allah magnified his voice so that it was heard all round the earth. It is also related that he made the proclamation from the top of the mount Abii Qubais. He put his fingers in his ears, turned his face in four directions and called out “O people! Allah has established His House and made it obligatory upon you to make pilgrimage to it. So obey the command of your Lord.” It is also mentioned in this narration that Allah so decreed that the announcement was heard miraculously all over the world, not only by the people living then , but also by all those yet to be born up to the Day of Resurrection. And all those who are destined to perform the pilgrimage responded to the call with the words:

“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak”

Translation: Here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise and blessings are Yours, and all sovereignty, You have no partner.

Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu) says that the Talbiyah during the pilgrimage has its origin in this response to the call of Ibrahim (Alayhi As-Salām). (Qurtubi, Mazhari)

Reference: Mariful Quran by Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi. Tafseer of Surah Al-Hajj, 22:26-29, pp. 261-262.

Hajj has been declared Fardh on those who have Nisaab amount of wealth. By Nisaab we mean sufficient enough to make a living. The person does not have to be a millionaire. It can be anyone who has the willingness to do Hajj. Allah will be the one arranging the Hajj. There are people who sacrifice everything in their lives just to get a glimpse of the Holy House of Kaaba. It is the passion of a Muslim which governs his ability to complete the pilgrimage and if not still possible then Allah will not charge the soul for not being able to endure more than what he can bear.

For those who intentionally procrastinate the deed of completing Hajj and die without performing it, for them is a severe message from the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Hadith states:

Abd ar-Rahman ibn Sabit, narrated from Abu Umamah (Radi Allahu Anhu), who said: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Whoever is not prevented from doing Hajj by genuine need, an oppressive ruler or debilitating sickness, and dies without having done Hajj, let him die if he wishes as a Jew or if he wishes as a Christian.”

References: It was narrated by ad-Daarimi (1826), al-Bayhaqi in ash-Shu‘ab (3693), Abu Nu‘aym in al-Hilyah (9/251), and Ibn al-Jawzi in at-Tahqeeq (2/118), via Shareek, from Layth. This is a da‘eef (weak) isnaad. Layth – who is ibn Abi Saleem – is da‘eef. He was classed as da‘eef by Ahmad, Ibn Ma‘een, an-Nisaa’i and others. See: al-Mizaan (3/420). Shareek – who is ibn ‘Abdullah al-Qaadi – is also da‘eef and had a poor memory. He was classed as da‘eef by al-Qattaan, Ibn al-Mubaarak, Ibn Ma‘een, al-Jawzjaani, and others. See: al-Mizaan (2/270).

Allah says in the Quran:

Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 268 (2:268) Translation: Sahih International

The fear of poverty over performing Hajj is from Shaitan, we should not worry over this as Allah has promised us that He will shower us with His mercy and bountifulness. Allah confirms:

There is no blame upon you for seeking bounty from your Lord [during Hajj]. But when you depart from ‘Arafat, remember Allah at al- Mash’ar al-Haram. And remember Him, as He has guided you, for indeed, you were before that among those astray.

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 198 (2:198) Translation: Sahih International

If we continue on building our wealth and keep on ignoring the pilgrimage, we will not only ruin ourselves in this Dunya but also in the Hereafter. We keep on thinking of building more luxurious houses while neglecting to visit the Holy House of Allah while we definitely know that no matter how grandiloquent a house we build here it is still nothing compared to the houses in Jannah. Our temporary greediness will cost us our permanent house in Jannah. We will be held accountable for whatever we have achieved in this world and Hajj can be considered as one of most major accomplishment for a Muslim, so never let yourself be deprived of it.

Please support us by purchasing our Weekly Khutbah series. (Links are given below)
May Allah reward us for our dedication towards Islam, Ameen. Let’s all be a part of a well-refined Muslim Ummah!

Weekly Khutbah, Volume 1: https://www.amazon.com/Weekly-Khutbah-2013-2014/dp/1532939736

Weekly Khutbah Volume 2: https://www.amazon.com/Weekly-Khutbah-2014-2015/dp/1537173383

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