Before I start the explanation, I want to request all the feminist-minded women to take a neutral stand, similarly, I also request all the misogynist men to take a neutral stand. Before judging the Deen let’s at first endeavor to understand the logics and reasoning behind every ruling ordained by our Lord, Allah. Thank you for your patience and effort.
Recently, I came across this video and Subahan Allah, which tried to justify that more women would be there in Heaven as each men in Jannah will be married to two women from this Dunya which makes women the majority in number than men as indicated by Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Imam Ibn Hajar (Rahmatullah Alaih) though we need to understand that these explanations by them were not given by the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) himself. At first please do watch the following video:
Firstly, in the description section of the youtube video, the name of the speaker has been referred to as Dr. Zakir Naik, now for an conscious Muslim who has watched even the fewest of the videos of Dr. Zakir Naik can say from the voice of the narrator that this definitely is NOT Dr. Zakir Naik. I wish I knew who was the person speaking but this goes to show that how much clumsy we have become when we engage in spreading the word of the Deen. May Allah have mercy upon us, Ameen. That’s why in my last article I noted down few guidelines to follow whenever engaging in sharing Islamic knowledge over the Internet.
With that been told, let’s proceed. At first let’s look at the Hadiths which mention about more women entering Hell than men. They are as follows:
HADITH – 1
It was narrated from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that women will form the majority of the people of Hell. It was narrated from Imran Ibn Husayn (Radi Allahu Anhu) that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “I looked into Paradise and I saw that the majority of its people were the poor. And I looked into Hell and I saw that the majority of its people are women.”
Reference: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3241; Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2737
HADITH – 2
It was narrated that Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu) said: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “I was shown Hell and I have never seen anything more terrifying than it. And I saw that the majority of its people are women.” They said, “Why, O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)?” He said, “Because of their ingratitude (kufr).” It was said, “Are they ungrateful to Allah?” He said, “They are ungrateful to their companions (husbands) and ungrateful for good treatment. If you are kind to one of them for a lifetime then she sees one (undesirable) thing in you, she will say, ‘I have never had anything good from you.’”
Reference: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1052
HADITH – 3
It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (Radi Allahu Anhu) said: “The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) went out to the musalla (prayer place) on the day of Eid al-Adha or Eid al-Fitr. He passed by the women and said, ‘O women! Give charity, for I have seen that you form the majority of the people of Hell.’ They asked, ‘Why is that, O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)?’ He replied, ‘You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religious commitment than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you.’ The women asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), what is deficient in our intelligence and religious commitment?’ He said, ‘Is not the testimony of two women equal to the testimony of one man?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Is it not true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?’ The women said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘This is the deficiency in her religious commitment.’”
Reference: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 304
HADITH – 4
It was narrated that Jabir Ibn ‘Abdullah (Radi Allahu Anhu) said: “I attended Eid prayers with the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). He started with the prayer before the khutbah (sermon), with no adhan (call to prayer) or iqamah (final call to prayer). Then he stood up, leaning on Bilal, speaking of fear of Allah (taqwa) and urging us to obey Him. He preached to the people and reminded them. Then he went over to the women and preached to them and reminded them. Then he said, ‘Give in charity, for you are the majority of the fuel of Hell. A woman with dark cheeks stood up in the midst of the women and said, ‘Why is that, O Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)?’ He said, ‘Because you complain too much and are ungrateful to your husbands.’ Then they started to give their jewelry in charity, throwing their earrings and rings into Bilal’s cloak.”
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith 885
Before vengeful ex boyfriend group go “Yeaahhh” and the feminist group start grinding their teeth out of spite, we at first need to understand that for us to comprehend these Hadiths we need to observe them from all that have been revealed to us rather than making up assumptions and wishful explanations without any base. Subahan Allah, I was reading one article and there was this girl who was trying to justify that these sorts of Hadiths which got transmitted to Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim especially by Abu Bakra (Radi Allahu Anhu) might be “put in doubt”. Here is the link to it: More Women in Hell than Men?
And this is what the writer wrote in her article:
Subahana Allah, dear sister, who wrote this article, I respect your level of knowledge but before making your own wishful assumptions, you need to get your facts right, the person you are questioning of his authority is Abu Bakra (Radi Allahu Anhu), a Sahabi, a person who practiced Islam in front of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and you being a girl living 1400 years after that time daring to question this and who are those- “some who feel that…”? You mentioned about Queen Sheba, you mentioned her to be the queen from the time of Prophet Suleiman (Alayhi As-Salām), you know what else was permitted during his time apart from females getting the authority of ruling over their nations? Keeping paintings and statues was Halal during that time. This has been mentioned in the Quran as well:
They (Jinns) made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], “Work, O family of Dawood, in gratitude.” And few of My servants are grateful.
Surah Saba, Ayah 13 (34:13) Translation: Sahih International
During the time of Isa (Alayhi As-Salām), wine was Halal. All of these have been made Haram after Islam got established. What got to be Halal for the Ummah before us does not signify that they get to be made Halal to us as well. The final testament of this Deen solely got released to the people of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and we are to follow no other rulings based on our own assumptions and wishful thinking. Allah mentions in the Quran:
This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.
Surah Al-Maidah, Ayah 3 (5:3) Translation: Sahih International
So sister, to the one who wrote that really long yet baseless article, please try to acquire sufficient knowledge before jumping into conclusions, by writing articles like this not only are you diverting yourself from the true teaching of Islam, you are deceiving others as well.
Now coming back to the main explanation. For this entire issue, I will be using only 3 methods to make an explanation-
- By making use of Hadiths which have been revealed to us rather than making dumb assumptions.
- By using simple Arithmetic and ratios
- By using Aristotle’s Syllogism
We all know that one of the signs of the Day of Judgement is that women would outnumber men by a lot, 50 to be exactly! In one Hadith it is mentioned:
Narrated Anas ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu): I heard from Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) a narration which none other than I will narrate to you. The Prophet said (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), “From among the portents of the Hour are the following: General ignorance (in religious affairs) will prevail, (religious) knowledge will decrease, illegal sexual intercourse will prevail, alcoholic drinks will be drunk (in abundance), men will decrease and women will increase, so much so that, for every fifty women there will be one man to look after them.”
Reference: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 483
During end of times we all know that people will go into losing their Imaan and a lot of people will start to disbelieve, including Muslims who will be going astray. Hadith states:
Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam),”I am afraid about my community of those leaders who will lead astray.When the sword is used among my people, it will not be withdrawn from them till the Day of Resurrection, and the Last Hour (Qiyamat) will not come before the tribes of my people attach themselves to the Shirk (polytheists) and tribes of my people worship idols.”
Reference: Sunan Abu-Dawood, Book 30, Trials and Fierce Battles, Hadith 4239
It is depicted through another Hadith a group of idol worshipers will emerge before the end of times and they will be mostly women.
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as saying: The Last Hour would not come until the women of the tribe of Daus would be seen going round Dhi al-Khalasa (for worship) and Dhial-Khalasa is a place in Tabala, where there was a temple in which the people of the tribe of Daus used to worship the idol.
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith 6944
Additionally it is said that the majority of the people who will be following Dajjal will be females. Hadith states:
Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ‘Dajjal’ will come to this pond in Marriqanat – a valley in Madinah – and most of those who go out to him will be women, until a man will come to his mother-in-law, his mother, his daughter, his sister, and his aunt, and he will tie them up strongly for fear that they will go out to him.
Reference: Musnad of Imam Ahmad (Rahmatullah Alaih)
Additionally, the women who are clothed yet naked will not go to Jannah. Hadith proves:
Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as saying: Two are the types amongst the denizens of Hell, the one possessing whips like the tail of an ox and they flog people with their help. (The second one) the women who would be naked in spite of their being dressed, who are seduced (to wrong paths) and seduce others with their hair high like humps. These women would not get into Paradise and they would not perceive the odor of Paradise, although its fragrance can be perceived from such and such distance (from great distance).
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Book 40, Hadith 6840
In order words, let’s use Aristotle’s Syllogism to summarize and interpret regarding what we have learned from these Hadiths. For those who don’t know what that means, Wikipedia defines it as:
A syllogism (Greek: συλλογισμός syllogismos, “conclusion, inference”) is a kind of logical argument that applies deductive reasoning to arrive at a conclusion based on two or more propositions that are asserted or assumed to be true.
Here it goes:
Before the end of time,
As majority of the population disbelieving in Islam will increase,
As the majority of that population will be women,
As the majority of those women will be engaged in disbelief,
Being clothed naked yet dressed, following Dajjal and doing shirk
As followers of Dajjal and idol worshipers will go to hell,
As the majority of such followers will be women,
Being 50 women on average for every single man
Thus majority of the people in Hell will be women.
Thus this justifies the saying of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as what he witnessed.
You may be thinking, wait hang on, you used a technique of the Kufr to make this justification… Actually Shaykh Hasan Ali, mentioned in one of his lectures that- Anything beneficial for the believers has been made Halal and belongs to the believers and it does not matter whether it comes from a Muslim or a Non-Muslim. You can find the link provided here.
So what about the explanation of the Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) regarding this manner? Here’s the explanation for this:
Imam Muslim (Rahmatullah Alaih) reports from Ibn Sireen (Rahmatullah Alaih): “Men and women disputed as to which of them would form the majority in Paradise. According to another report, either they were competing, or they were discussing, whether there would be more men or women in Paradise. They consulted Abu Hurayrah (Radi Allahu Anhu), who said that women would form the majority, on the basis of the words of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam):
“The first group to enter Paradise will be as beautiful as the full moon, and the group that follows them will be like the brightest shining stars in the sky: each man of them will have two wives, the marrow of whose leg-bones will be visible through the flesh because of their extreme beauty. There will be no one who is unmarried in Paradise”
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Kitaab Al-Jannah
This Hadith clearly indicates that there will be more women than men in Paradise. Some others thought that there would be more men, because of the Hadith, “I saw that they [women] formed the majority of the people of Hell”. The response to this is the fact that women will form the majority of the inhabitants of Hell does not necessarily mean that they will be a minority in Paradise, as Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalaani said. [Fath al-Baari 6/325]
The two hadiths may be reconciled by stating that women will be the majority in both Paradise and Hell, just as there are more women than men in this world. We could say that the Hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah (Radi Allahu Anhu) indicates that the total number of women in paradise, including women of this world and Al-Hoor Al-‘Eeyn will outnumber men. The question then is, who will be greater in number in Paradise: the men of this world or the women? Al-Qurtubee (Rahmatullah Alaih) reconciled between these two hadiths by suggesting that women will form the majority of the inhabitants of Hell before the Shafaa’ah [intercession], when the sinners from amongst the muwwahideen will be brought out of Hell. Thereafter women will form the majority of the people of Paradise. [at-Tadhkirah, al-Qurtubee, p. 475]
The small number of women in Paradise is indicated in a report narrated by Ahmad and Abu Ya’laa from ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (Radi Allahu Anhu) who said, “Whilst we were with the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) on this mountain path, he said, “Look, can you see anything?” We said, “We see crows, and one of them stands out because its beak and feet are red”. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “No women will enter Paradise except those who are as rare among them as this crow is among the others”” [Silsilat al-Hadith as-Saheehah, 4/466, no. 1851]
Taking these scholarly opinions into consideration adding this Hadith in place:
Hatib Ibn Abi Balta (Radi Allahu Anhu) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): “The believer in Paradise shall be married off to seventy-two women, seventy women of the hereafter and two women of the women of this world.”
References: Narrated by Ibn al-Sakan in Ma`rifat al-Sahaba and Ibn `Asakir in Tarikh Dimashq.
If we are to deduce this in terms of Arithmetic ratios, it comes as:
Men : Women = 1:50 (Before end of time)
For every one men entering Jannah during that time, if he repents, since he will be receiving TWO WORLDLY wives, (if he had one or no wives, if he has 4, then all may enter Jannah despite of this Hadith) as proven from the above-mentioned Hadith by Ibn Al-Sakan (Rahmatullah Alaih), this is understandable that as the population of men will be decreasing, polygamy will be practiced in large number with men marrying having several multiple wives during that time, assuming that the ruling of having 4 wives will be not be followed as Quranic teachings will disappear during that time causing a global crisis of men and since majority of the women will transgress against their husband due to all the trials of Dajjal and what not so the proportion of women going to Hell will far outnumber that of men, including those women who wear skin-tight clothes and have camel-humped headscarf making the overall number of women entering Hell far than that. In conclusion, it can be interpreted as:
- Total Number of Women in Hell > Total Number of Men in Heaven
- Total Number of Women in Hell > Total Number of Women in Heaven
- Total Number of Women in Hell > Total Number of Men in Hell
- Ratio of Worldly Women in Heaven : Worldly Men in Heaven = 2 :1 (The ratio may be even more in case if the person had more than two wives with them achieving Jannah.) Additionally, women who died without getting married, or only the husband was thrown to Hell or had multiple husbands will be married off to someone righteous from this world, (he too will have the wives he had in this world) according to the wish of Allah, Allah knows best to whom, as Allah declared that no one will be left off in Jannah being unmarried.
Conclusion: Females will outnumber men in proportion among the people in Jannah, additionally, females will also outnumber men in proportion among the people in Hell. Therefore, total number of women in Hell will outnumber total number of women in Heaven due to their huge proportionality in the entire population especially before the end of times.
May Allah grant us with authentic knowledge of the Deen, Ameen and brothers and sisters whenever engaged in writing explanations of Hadiths and Quran verses please be sure to do ample research before posting anything. To those concerned, who were wondering of the Hadiths which were the main roots of this discussion in being “sexist”, I hope this vivid description will put calmness to your hearts, In Shaa Allah. When governing good deeds, Allah judges both genders equally. The Quran states:
Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.
Surah An-Nahl, Ayah 97 (16:97) Translation: Sahih International
So let’s all endeavor to be the best Muslim possible, whether male or female, In Shaa Allah.
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