The 3 Sons-In-Law of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)

Excerpt from The Weekly Khutbah Volume 3

If we want to have righteous wives, we need to look into her religiousness before anything. In fact the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has said:

Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “A woman is married for four (reasons): her wealth, noble ancestry, beauty and religion. Choose the religious woman lest your hand is stuck to dust (because of destitution).”

References: Sahih Al-Bukhari & Sahih Muslim

If men look into the other three attributes of a woman when marrying her, ignoring the trait of religiousness then his family won’t be lasting in peace for long because with Islam comes peace and tranquility within the family. As men, we need to be patient and seek righteous women, just by getting enticed by the women’s beauty and losing our senses won’t bring us happiness or our happiness won’t last long. Thus a man is responsible for the woman he chooses since he is the center of authority for the family, otherwise ill-mannered wives would cause distress and series of quarrels would prolong in the family, Subahan Allah.

Before marrying, we need to make our intentions pure because if only desiring a righteous spouse isn’t going to be enough because in order to have righteous women we need to build ourselves as righteous men as well. Allah has promised us that:

Corrupt women are for corrupt men, and corrupt men are for corrupt women; good women are for good men and good men are for good women. The good are innocent of what has been said against them; they will have forgiveness and a generous provision.

Surah An-Nur, Ayah 26 (24:26) Translation: Abdul Haleem

If we look at the most eligible husbands in the light of Islam, we can take the examples of Uthman Ibn Affan (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Ali Ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu Anhu), both being blessed with the daughters of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), primarily because of their extraordinary personality traits. Additionally, the eldest son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi’ (Radi Allahu Anhu), was a just Muslim and a mighty warrior which is why Allah gave him the hands of the eldest daughter of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) even before he embraced Islam because Allah knew he would one day turn to Islam.


1. Uthman Ibn Affan (Radi Allahu Anhu)

Uthman Ibn Affan (Radi Allahu Anhu) was the shyest of all Sahabahs for which Allah rewarded him with two of the daughters of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)- Umm Kulthum Bint Muhammad (Radi Allahu Anha) and  Ruqayyah Bint Muhammad (Radi Allahu Anha). Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhu) was so modest that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said that even the angels are shy in the presence of Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhu). Hadith states:

Aishah (Radi Allahu Anha) reported: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was lying down in his house with his thighs or his calves exposed. Abu Bakr asked permission to enter and was permitted while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was in that position and he came in and spoke with him. Then Umar asked permission to enter. He was granted permission and came in and spoke with him while in that position. Then Uthman asked permission and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) sat up and straightened his clothing. He was then permitted and came in and spoke with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). After he had gone, Aishah said, “Abu Bakr entered and you did not get up for him or worry about him and Umar came in and you did not get up for him nor worry about him but when Uthman came in, you straightened out your clothing!” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Should I not be shy of a man around whom the angels are shy?”

Reference: Sahih Muslim


2. Ali Ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu Anhu)

Ali Ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu Anhu) was known for his exceptional bravery and strength as a warrior among the Sahabahs. This man was gifted with the youngest and the strongest of all daughters of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) – Fatimah Az Zahra Bint Muhammad (Radi Allahu Anha).

Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) spent his childhood with Fatima (Radi Allahu Anha), the youngest daughter of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Khadijah (Radi Allahu Anha). Some years later when the Muslim community had migrated from Mecca to the city of Medina Ali went to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and proposed marriage to Fatima (Radi Allahu Anha).

After Uthman Ibn Affan (Radi Allahu Anhu) was murdered in the service of the Muslim nation, Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) was chosen as the fourth of those known as the rightly guided Caliphs. Many Muslims were eager for Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) to take on leadership but Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) was concerned that already the seeds of rebelliousness were being sewn among the believers. He hesitated until some of the companions who had been closest to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) urged him on and gave him their support.


3. Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi’ (Radi Allahu Anhu)

The eldest son-in-law of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi’ (Radi Allahu Anhu) who, though initially refused to revert to a Muslim was a just man and he used to love his wife, the eldest daughter of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), Zaynab Bint Muhammad (Radi Allahu Anha). One of his prominent traits as a human being was that he always used to speak the truth and keep his promise to the extent that he migrated to Mecca to give back all his properties which were under the rule of the Kafirs just to be with his beloved wife and be among the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).


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